FIBERUARY MASSACHUSETTS SHEEP AND WOOLCRAFT FAIR MAY 27 & 28, 2017
Shepherds are getting their sheep and fleeces ready, vendors are getting wool, yarns and crafts ready for you to see and workshops are now in place. Come and join us at the fair. Located in the beautiful town of Cummington, Massachusetts, at the fairgrounds. Good food will be available bring the family for a day of fun. Sheep shows, Dog trails and lots of demos will await you.
We are pleased to present our workshop schedule for 2017. We host great teachers from near and far. Bruce Engebretson writes for Spin Off Magazine, and teaches at Marshfield School of Weaving. He was trained in the Scandinavian tradition of fiber work. Katherine Johnson will teach us about Naalbinding, spelled variously: in English it is needle binding. Emily Gwynn enlightens us on using charts for knitting! Dotty Taft will be bringing her fleet of drum carder for us to experiment on.
On Saturday the cotton expert Joan Ruane of Bisbee AZ will be demonstrating how to spin cotton. On Sunday, Bruce Engebretson will demonstrate. Other guests will be joining us for various demonstrations.. Check out the Website for times and days. masheepwool.org
A potluck supper will be held on the fairgrounds dining room at 6:00 p.m. on Saturday. Everyone is welcome. Please bring a prepared dish or salad sufficient to feed your family to the kitchen by 4:00 p.m. NO BREAD PLEASE! Rolls, beverages, and place settings will be provided. Both refrigerators and a warming are available on the grounds.
The Dog Trials are always an exciting event
See you there
FIBERuary Day 19 Eric and Barbara Goodchild -Handspun Yarn
Hello. We are Barbara and Eric Goodchild of Barberic Farm in Shelburne, MA. We are going to tell you about our handspun wool yarn.
Handspun yarn is yarn that is created by “hand” using just fingers, simple sticks, or more complicated machines run by people power, to twist fibers into heavier string than the original fiber. This twisting holds the many short fibers together to create a stronger and longer “string” to make items from.
On our farm, handspun starts with our Romney sheep. Care is taken all year to keep the wool on the sheep as clean as possible. The sheep are fed from pastures free of high weeds and grass, with seeds that could get into their fleece. In the winter, once the sheep are off of pasture, and in the barn full time, we put coats on the sheep. A sheep coat is much like a dog coat.
Extra nutrition is given to the ewes (female sheep) when they are nursing their lambs, to keep the fibers strong while there is a big drain on the ewes natural resources as she feeds her lambs and grows her new fleece. If a sheep becomes under-nourished or sick, this can cause the wool fibers to become thin or brittle. This will cause a weak spot in the fiber that will break while being made into handspun.
Shearing time on our farm is in March, about 4-6 weeks before lambing. At that time each fleece is skirted to remove the dirty fleece and vegetable matter, weighed, measured, and labeled with the sheep’s name. Fleeces are stored in brown paper bags until they are sold or sent to Still River Mill in Eastford, CT to be made into roving.
Roving is a continuous length of washed, combed fibers that we use to spin into handspun. The spinning of the yarn is done on our Ashford spinning wheel, which is powered by a foot pedal that causes the fly wheel to turn that powers the spinning apparatus.
Handspun wool yarn can be spun fine, medium or thick. Just like commercially made yarns, the yarns thickness is defined by a number system. Lace is #1. Sock is #2. DK or light worsted is #3. Worsted is #4. Heavy worsted is #5. And Bulky is #6. These weights allow the knitter to know how best to use the yarn.
Once the yarn is spun, we can ply 2 or more strands together to make a thicker or variegated colored yarn. Once the bobbin on the spinning wheel is full, we remove the yarn and put it on a kniddy-knoddy. This stretches the yarn to prevent tangles, and makes what is called a skein. After plying each skein is soaked, drained, squeezed to remove the water, and hung at full length with a weight at the bottom to dry. This process sets the twist of the yarn.
After the yarn is fully dry, we measure the skein’s length, weight, and thickness. Now it is ready to be made into beautiful wool garments or crafts.
FIBERuary Day 9 Aaron Loux – Shearer, Sheep Breeder
Learning to shear sheep
Living in a culture that has become removed from its agricultural roots, how does anyone get started in sheep shearing? Some say it’s a calling, which I would not disagree with. But even though I have been a professional shearer for my entire working life, I still find myself explaining exactly what it is I do to ordinary citizens. I can’t say simply, “I’m a shearer”, as perhaps I’d be able to say as an introduction in a place like New Zealand. People who are connected to the sheep world in one way or another, understand the importance of getting the wool from the sheep’s body to the processing stages. These people probably see shearing as an important piece of the equation. Yet, they may not grasp the difficulty of the learning process.
I’ve heard it said that it takes a beginner shearer 1,000 sheep to “get the hang of it”, and 10,000 sheep to “be experienced”. Although that sounds daunting to someone trying to learn, I’d even argue those figures are on the low end. There are so many variables to learning, in regards to the learners’ aptitude, the kind of experience available, access to good training, and so on. The challenge of teaching the next generation of shearers is a continuous problem for the sheep industry. Furthermore, most who attempt learning will quit before reaching any of those milestones. As evidence of this, consider that a large number of sheep in the USA are shorn by migrant foreigners. Though much of learning to shear comes down to experience, it is only good quality experience that makes a good shearer. You can practice doing something the wrong way ad nauseum, but you may still be doing it the wrong way. Since shearing is generally piece work, efficiency becomes important. The more efficient you are, the more sheep you’ll shear, with less stress on the sheep. As the old saying goes, “practice makes perfect”. I’d argue that it is more like, “perfect practice makes perfect”.
As a 16 year old beginning shearer, I was fortunate enough to start with a few advantages. First, my family had been raising sheep my entire life. Eager to learn every aspect of the family tradition, I started shearing our sheep at about the time I learned to tie my shoes. I was comfortable handling sheep, and knew a few basics of shearing. I watched other shearers at every opportunity, and knew it was something that interested me. “All” I had left to do was learn the technique. Or as a shearer would say, the pattern. But it is a technique which proved to be much more difficult than I realized. Though shearing is sometimes thought of like riding a bike, where once you’ve got it you’re all set, it is actually much more in depth. It takes enormous dedication, and the humility to realize it is a lifelong learning pursuit. Another advantage I had as a youngster was that I already had a large network of sheep friends who were willing to let me practice on their flocks. At 16 I was quite stubborn, and when I picked up my handpiece for the first time, I knew I would never let myself quit.
Parts of my training were typical of any beginner. I went to shearing schools, watched videos, talked to experienced shearers, and never turned down opportunities to learn. When I realized I wanted to make it a full time job, I took my training more seriously. I went to New Zealand for a few months, where I sheared with some of the top shearers. A good friend I made in New Zealand went on to become a world record holder. I also made a few other long distance shearing trips in between jobs that were close to home. Besides the shearing skill needed, one of the hardest things is coming to terms with the lifestyle. Even if you don’t travel abroad, and decide to shear locally, the sheep population is very spread out. As a shearer, you learn to have a nomadic lifestyle. One season I looked back and realized that in a period of nine days, I had eight different sleeping arrangements. None of which were my own bed.
I have been approached by people who think they want to learn. I would love to be part of someone’s training, yet I am cautious. I need to give them realistic expectations. You will not learn in a day. Or a weekend, or a season. The equipment is expensive. Building clientele takes years. It takes several teachers to learn. Scheduling jobs can become a nightmare, since farmers’ management practices vary. The goal is to spend more time shearing and less time driving, but that does not always work. Being organized, then, is essential. Next to skill, reputation is the biggest asset. So, if you are too eager at the beginning, taking on jobs that are too big or difficult for your skill level, you risk damaging your reputation before you’ve even started.
After raising these points, you may be asking, “is trying to learn worth it?” For me, unequivocally yes. I cannot see myself doing anything else. There have been plenty of unenjoyable days; sore backs, misbehaved sheep, etc. But it’s good honest work, you can’t fake it. Whether your boss for the day has one sheep or thousands, they are appreciative of a job well done. There’s a reason they choose to hire a specialist. Maybe it’s all I know, or maybe I’m still like the stubborn 16 year old. Either way, it has been an incredible journey, and I have never found myself looking forward to retirement.
> Aaron Loux is a sheep enthusiast whose specialty is shearing. To book services, call or email. 413 230 8607. firstname.lastname@example.org